Brucellosis is an infectious disease caused by a type of bacteria called Brucella. The bacteria can spread from animals to humans.
There are several different strains of Brucella bacteria. For example, some types of occurring in also seen in cows, dogs, pigs, sheep, goats, and camels.
Recently, scientists have seen new strains in the red fox and certain marine animals, including seals. Brucellain animals cannot be cured.
Accordingly, brucellosis in humans occurs when a person comes into contact with an animal or animal product infected with the Brucella bacteria.
Very rarely, the bacteria may spread from person to person. Breastfeeding moms with brucellosis may pass the bacteria to their baby and also Brucella may be spread through sexual contact.
The bacteria can enter your body:
- Through a cut or scratch in the skin.
- When you are breathing in contaminated air.
- When you eat or drink something contaminated with the bacteria, such as flavored milk or undercooked meat.
- continuous or intermittent fever.
- profuse sweats.
- joint pains.
- weight loss.
To reduce your chances of achieving it, you are encouraged:
- Avoid consuming raw meat or unpasteurized milk, cheese, and ice cream.
- wear gloves and protective glasses when handling animals or animal tissues.
- Cover any open wounds on your skin when coming in contact with animal blood.
- Wear protective clothing and gloves when helping animals give birth.
There is a brucellosis vaccine for animals. If you work with domestic animals, you should consider vaccinating them for brucellosis.
Unfortunately, there is no vaccine for brucellosis in humans. That’s why it’s important to take other steps to protect yourself from the bacteria.
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