brucellosis

Brucellosis: Causes, Symptoms, And Prevention

Brucellosis Overview: Causes, Symptoms, And Prevention.

 

What Is Brucellosis?

Brucellosis is an infectious disease caused by a type of bacteria called Brucella. The bacteria can spread from animals to humans.

There are several different strains of Brucella bacteria. For example, some types of occurring in also seen in cows, dogs, pigs, sheep, goats, and camels.

Recently, scientists have seen new strains in the red fox and certain marine animals, including seals. Brucellain animals cannot be cured.

 

Causes

Accordingly, brucellosis in humans occurs when a person comes into contact with an animal or animal product infected with the Brucella bacteria.

Very rarely, the bacteria may spread from person to person. Breastfeeding moms with brucellosis may pass the bacteria to their baby and also Brucella may be spread through sexual contact.

 

The bacteria can enter your body:

  • Through a cut or scratch in the skin.
  • When you are breathing in contaminated air.
  • When you eat or drink something contaminated with the bacteria, such as flavored milk or undercooked meat.

 

Symptoms

 

brucellosis
Symptoms in humans include:
  • continuous or intermittent fever.
  • headache.
  • weakness.
  • profuse sweats.
  • chills.
  • joint pains.
  • aches.
  • weight loss.

Preventing

To reduce your chances of achieving it, you are encouraged:

  • Avoid consuming raw meat or unpasteurized milk, cheese, and ice cream.
  • wear gloves and protective glasses when handling animals or animal tissues.
  • Cover any open wounds on your skin when coming in contact with animal blood.
  • Wear protective clothing and gloves when helping animals give birth.

There is a brucellosis vaccine for animals. If you work with domestic animals, you should consider vaccinating them for brucellosis.

Unfortunately, there is no vaccine for brucellosis in humans. That’s why it’s important to take other steps to protect yourself from the bacteria.

 

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Swine-Flu-family

Swine Influenza

Swine Influenza also called “Swine Flu” is a contagious respiratory disease that affects pigs.

Just like humans, pigs can get the flu. The Swine Influenza (swine flu) can be passed from pig to pig by direct contact, indirect contact (e.g., a pig coming in contact with a surface that has the virus), or through tiny particles in the air.

Strains of swine flu (Swine Influenza) virus usually only infect pigs, but they do sometimes infect humans, resulting in human swine flu.

Swine Influenza Causes

Swine Influenza (Swine flu) is caused by a virus. The most common subtype, or strain, is influenza A H1N1, and this subtype has also caused infection in people; however, this H1N1 Swine Influenza virus is different from the H1N1 human virus.

Influenza viruses are constantly changing their genes, a process called a mutation. When a Swine Influenza (swine flu) virus is found in humans, it is said to have “jumped the species barrier.” This means that the virus has mutated in a way that permits it to cause the condition in humans. Because humans haven’t any natural protection or immunity to the virus, they’re likely to become ill.

Humans do not normally become infected with swine influenza. However, there are periodic human infections; most of those cases occur in people with direct exposure to pigs (e.g., people performing on pig farms or slaughterhouses). People have also infected pigs with strains of the human flu virus as well.

 

Swine Influenza Symptoms

The symptoms of swine flu (Swine Influenza) in humans are very similar to those of seasonal human influenza. People with swine influenza may experience:

 

swine-influenza
  • dry cough
  • fever
  • headache
  • nasal congestion, runny nose
  • sore throat
  • muscle pain
  • nausea, vomiting, diarrhea
  • loss of appetite
  • tiredness, lack of energy

Some people with swine flu (Swine Influenza) have also reported runny nose, sore throat, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea.

Swine Influenza Precautions

  1. Cover your mouth and nose when you sneeze.
  2. Use disposable tissues instead of a handkerchief if you have a cold and throw the tissue in the dustbin after use.
  3. Avoid touching your eyes, nose, or mouth too often as this will cause you contracting the disease.
  4. Wash your hands with soap and water or an alcohol-based hand rub (hand sanitizer).
  5. Viruses also spread by droplet infections which could have deposited on common objects like phones, laptops, common desks, and chairs so avoid touching too many objects and wash your hands if you do.
  6. Try and avoid close contact especially with people that have flu. You need to maintain a minimum distance of 5-10 feet to avoid airborne transmission.
  7. Patients affected by flu should stay indoors at some point post the last episode of fever.
  8. If someone in your family has Swine Influenza, they should wear a mask, cover their mouth and nose before sneezing, maintain thorough hand hygiene before touching common objects. Here is all that you need to know about the treatments and medications available to fight Swine Influenza (swine flu). 
  9. Children, less than five years of age and the elderly should avoid crowded places. Here are some important tips to save your child from an attack of swine flu. 
  10. Children should attend school unless the local health authority issues an advisory.
  11. High-risk patients should be more vigilant and visit doctors at the earliest.
  12. Wear a surgical mask if there is an outbreak of swine flu in your area.
  13. Be more vigilant than being scared. Also, read to know if a person can lead a normal life after recovering from swine flu. 

 

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Hookworm Infections

Hookworm Infections: Cause, Symptoms And Prevention

Hookworm Infections: Overview

What Are Hookworm Infections?

Hookworms are parasites and This means they live off other living things and also Hookworm infections affect your lungs and small intestine.

Humans contract hookworms through roundworm eggs and larvae found in dirt contaminated by feces.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention hookworm infections occur in an estimated 576 to 740 million people worldwide.

It mostly affects the people of developing countries in the tropics and subtropics due to poor sanitation.

How People Get Hookworm Infections?

Cause

Necator americanus is that the commonest sort of hookworm that causes infection in the United States.

Hookworm eggs are passed in human feces onto the bottom where they become infective larvae (immature worms).

When the soil is cool then the larvae crawl to the closest moist area and extend their bodies into the air.

The larvae stay within the soil waving their bodies to and fro—until they come into contact with human skin. For example, once you stepped on by a barefoot or until they’re driven back to the bottom of the heat.

Symptoms Of Hookworm Infections

Hookworm Infections

 

So many peoples infected with hookworm infections may show some of the following symptoms:

  • The skin rash in one area is usually red, raised, and itchy.
  • Weight loss.
  • Loss of appetite.
  • Shortness of breath like wheezing and cough.
  • Fever.
  • Stomach pain.
  • Diarrhea.
  • Extreme tiredness and weakness.
  • Iron deficiency anemia or malnutrition.
  • Physical and thought development problems in children during severe anemia.

Hookworm Infections Prevented?

If you are in an area where hookworm disease is common, or where human feces may be in the soil or sand, you

  • Should not walk barefoot on the soil or sand.
  • Should not touch the soil or sand with your bare hands.
  • drinking safe water.
  • properly cleaning and cooking food.
  • practicing proper handwashing.

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Brucellosis causes symptoms and prevention

What Is Brucellosis?

 

Brucellosis is an infectious disease caused by a type of bacteria called Brucella. The bacteria can spread from animals to humans.

There are several different strains of Brucella bacteria. Some types are seen in cows. Others occur in dogs, pigs, sheep, goats, and camels. Recently, scientists have seen new strains in the red fox and certain marine animals, including seals. Brucellain animals cannot be cured.

 

What Causes Brucellosis?

 

Brucellosis in humans occurs when a person comes into contact with an animal or animal product infected with the Brucella bacteria.

Very rarely, the bacteria may spread from person to person. Breastfeeding moms with brucellosis may pass the bacteria to their baby. Brucella may also be spread through sexual contact.

The bacteria can enter your body:

  • Through a cut or scratch in the skin
  • When you breathe in contaminated air (rare)
  • When you eat or drink something contaminated with the bacteria, such as unpasteurized milk or undercooked meat

 

Symptoms of Brucellosis

 

symptoms-of-brucellosis

Symptoms of Brucellosis

 

Symptoms in humans include:
  • continuous or intermittent fever.
  • headache.
  • weakness.
  • profuse sweats.
  • chills.
  • joint pains.
  • aches.
  • weight loss.

Preventing Brucellosis

 

Brucellosis is preventable. To lower your chances of getting it, you are encouraged to:

  • Avoid consuming raw meat or unpasteurized milk, cheese, and ice cream.
  • Wear gloves and protective glasses when handling animals or animal tissues.
  • Cover any open wounds on your skin when coming in contact with animal blood.
  • Wear protective clothing and gloves when helping animals give birth.

There is a brucellosis vaccine for animals. If you work with domestic animals, you should consider vaccinating them for brucellosis. Unfortunately, there is no vaccine for brucellosis in humans. That’s why it’s important to take other steps to protect yourself from the bacteria.

 

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amoebiasis-symptoms-causes-treatment

Amoebiasis Symptoms, Causes & Treatment

Amoebiasis Symptoms, Causes & Treatment

 

Amoebiasis is a parasitic infection of the intestines caused by the protozoan Entamoeba histolytica. include loose stool, abdominal cramping, and stomach pain. However, most people with amebiasis won’t experience significant symptoms.

Who Is at Risk for Amebiasis?

 

Amebiasis is common in tropical countries with underdeveloped sanitation. The Merck Manual states that amebiasis is most common in the Indian subcontinent, parts of Central and South America, and parts of Africa. It’s relatively rare in the United States.

Persons at greatest risk for amebiasis include:

  • people who have traveled to tropical locations with poor sanitation
  • immigrants from tropical countries with poor sanitary conditions
  • people who live in institutions with poor sanitary conditions, such as prisons
  • men who have sex with other men
  • people with compromised immune systems and other health conditions

Risk factors for severe amebiasis include:

  • Alcoholism
  • Cancer
  • Malnutrition
  • Older or younger age
  • Pregnancy
  • Recent travel to a tropical region
  • Use of corticosteroid medication to suppress the immune system

In the United States, amebiasis is most common among those who live in institutions or people who have traveled to an area where amebiasis is common.

 

Amoebiasis Symptoms

 

Most people with this infection do not have symptoms. If symptoms occur, they are seen 7 to 28 days after being exposed to the parasite.

Amoebiasis Symptoms Causes Treatment
  • Abdominal cramps
  • Diarrhea: Passage of 3 to 8 semiformed stools per day, or passage of soft stools with mucus and occasional blood
  • Fatigue
  • Excessive gas
  • Rectal pain while having a bowel movement (tenesmus)
  • Unintentional weight loss

Severe symptoms may include:

  • Abdominal tenderness
  • Bloody stools, including passage of liquid stools with streaks of blood, the passage of 10 to 20 stools per day
  • Fever
  • Vomiting

Prevention

 

Proper sanitation is the key to avoiding amebiasis. Follow this regimen when preparing & eating food:

  • Thoroughly wash fruits and vegetables before eating.
  • Avoid eating fruits/vegetables unless you wash and peel them yourself.
  • Stick to bottled water and soft drinks.
  • If you must drink water, boil it, or treat it with iodine.
  • Avoid ice cubes or fountain drinks.
  • Must Avoid milk, cheese, or other unpasteurized dairy products.
  • Strictly Avoid food sold by street vendors.

As a general rule, thoroughly wash hands with soap and water after using the bathroom and before handling food. 

Amoebiasis Symptoms Causes Treatment

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Natural Cough Remedies

Natural Cough Remedies

Best Natural Cough Remedies?

 

Generally speaking, coughing is perfectly normal. A cough can help to keep your throat clear from phlegm and other irritants. However, sustained coughing can also be symptomatic of some conditions.

Irritants are substances in the air that irritate your throat or nasal passages and can cause coughing. A cough is your body’s way of rejecting that irritant. Sometimes the irritant comes in the form of an allergen, such as pollen or pet dander. This causes your body’s immune system to create chemicals called histamines that react to the allergen. If you have a cough that arises immediately in a certain environment or season, you may have an allergy. 

 

 

Best Natural Cough Remedies

Best Natural Cough Remedies

 

 

Another cause of a cough is a viral or bacterial infection. These symptoms may be accompanied by:

  • nasal congestion
  • fever
  • stomach upset
  • runny nose

These symptoms tend to be shorter in duration, lasting only one or two weeks. When you have allergies, they’ll typically persist throughout an allergy season or occur whenever you’re around the substance you’re allergic to.

Sometimes a cough isn’t due to anything related to your lungs. Gastroesophageal reflux disease(GERD) can also cause a cough.

 

When to call your doctor?

 

Respiratory tract infections involve body aches and fever, whereas allergies do not. Seek emergency medical treatment if your cough is affecting your ability to breathe or if you’re coughing up blood.

See your primary care physician if you experience the following symptoms in addition to your cough: 

  • chills
  • dehydration
  • fever higher than 101˚F (38˚C)
  • malaise, or a general feeling of being unwell
  • productive cough that has foul-smelling, thick, green- or yellow-tinted phlegm
  • weakness

You can treat coughs due to colds, allergies, and sinus infections with some over-the-counter medicines. Bacterial infections will require antibiotics. However, for those who prefer to avoid chemicals, we’ve listed a few home remedies that can help.

 

 Honey

Best Natural Cough Remedies

Best Natural Cough Remedies

Honey is a time-honored remedy for a sore throat. According to one study, it can also relieve coughs more effectively than over-the-counter medicines that contain dextromethorphan (DM), a cough suppressant.

You can create your own remedy at home by mixing up to two teaspoons of honey with herbal tea or warm water and lemon. The honey does the soothing, while the lemon juice can help with congestion. You can also simply eat the honey by the spoonful or spread it on bread for a snack.

Best Natural Cough Remedies

Best Natural Cough Remedies

How to prevent coughing

In addition to learning how to treat a cough, you might want to learn how to prevent it in the first place. To prevent against flu, make sure you get your annual flu shot, usually starting in October. Other steps you can take include:

  • Avoid coming in contact with others who are sick. If you know you are sick, avoid going to work or school so you will not infect others.
  • Cover your nose and mouth whenever your cough or sneeze.
  • Drink plenty of fluids to stay hydrated.
  • Frequently clean common areas of your home, work, or school. This is especially true for countertops, toys, or mobile phones.
  • Wash your hands frequently, especially after coughing, eating, going to the bathroom, or caring for someone who is sick.

With allergies, you can reduce flare-ups by identifying the allergens that affect you and avoiding exposure to them. Common allergens include trees, pollen, dust mites, animal fur, mold, and insects. Allergy shots are helpful as well and can reduce your sensitivity to allergens. Talk to your doctor about what plan is right for you.

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Cholera Diseases: Cause, Symptoms, Prevention

Cholera Diseases: Cause Symptoms Prevention

Today We Are Gonna Talk About Cholera Diseases: Cause, Symptoms, Prevention.

 

What Are Cholera Diseases: Cause, Symptoms, Prevention?

 

Cholera is an infection of the small intestine and is caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholera. Vibrio cholera produces a toxin called ‘enterotoxin’ which causes the symptoms of cholera.

A type of cholera bacteria called the El Tor biotype tends to cause milder disease than the classic biotype.

The disease is of mild or moderate severity in more than 90% of affected people and is difficult to detect clinically from other forms of diarrhea diseases.

Less than 10% of infected persons develop typical cholera with signs of medium or severe dehydration that sometimes lead to death.

The mortality rate without treatment is between 25% and 50%. Cholera is endemic in India and Southeast Asia.

Cholera outbreaks can happen in any part of the world where water supplies, sanitation, food safety, and hygiene practices are poor.

 

 

 

Causes Of Cholera

 

Cholera is caused by bacteria called Vibrio cholera. The disease’s deadly effects are the result of a strong toxin known as CTX that is produced by these bacteria in your small intestine.

 

CTX interferes with the normal flow of sodium and chloride when it binds to your intestinal walls.

 

When the bacteria attach to the small intestine’s walls, your body begins to discharge large amounts of water that lead to diarrhea and rapid loss of fluids and salts. 

 

pollute water supplies are the primary source of cholera infection. Not cooked fruits, vegetables, and other foods can also contain the bacteria that cause cholera.

 

NOTE: From Person To Person Through Casual Contact Cholera Is Not Usually Passed.

 

 

Symptoms Of Cholera

 

The majority of people exposed to cholera never become ill. In fact, in most cases, you are not exposed and you can never know. Once you become infected, you will continue to carry cholera bacteria in your stool for seven to 14 days.

Cholera usually causes mild to moderate diarrhea like other diseases. Specific symptoms will develop in one in 10 people infected within two to three days after infection.

 

Common Symptoms Of Cholera Includes:

  • Sudden onset of diarrhea
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Mild to severe dehydration

Other Symptoms Of Cholera Includes:

  • Abdominal cramps
  • Rapid pulse
  • Unusual sleepiness
  • Lethargy
  • Excessive thirst, lack of tears, and low urine output
  • Dry skin, dry mucous membranes (such as inside the nose or eyelids), and dry mouth
  • Nausea

 

Preventing Cholera Infection

 
If you are traveling to an area where cholera is common, then basically you can reduce the chances of catching the disease if you take care of these things.
  • Wash your hands
  • Drink only bottled or boiled water
  • Avoid raw food and shellfish
  • Avoid dairy foods
  • Eat raw fruits and vegetables that you can peel yourself

 

Cholera Diseases: Cause, Symptoms, Prevention

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Diarrhea Causes

Diarrhea Causes, Symptoms And Prevention

Diarrhea Causes, Symptoms, And Prevention:

What is Diarrhea?

Diarrhea is the passage of loose or watery stools occurring three or more times in a 24-hour period.

The three types of diarrhea are acute diarrhea, persistent diarrhea, and dysentery.

If an episode of diarrhea lasts less than 14 days, it is acute diarrhea. Acute watery diarrhea causes dehydration and contributes to malnutrition. The death of a child with acute diarrhea is usually due to dehydration.

If diarrhea lasts 14 days or more, it is persistent diarrhea. Up to 20% of episodes of diarrhea become persistent. Persistent diarrhea often causes nutritional problems, creating the risk of malnutrition and serious non-intestinal infection. Dehydration also occurs.

Diarrhea with blood in the stool – with or without mucus – is called dysentery. Dysentery is very dangerous because of its ability to lead to anorexia, rapid weight loss, and damage to the intestinal mucosa. Another danger is sepsis.

 

Diarrhea is the second leading killer of children under the age of five, accounting for approximately 15% of under-five child deaths worldwide, or almost two million deaths annually.

 

Diarrhea Causes

Acute diarrhea is usually caused by:

  • A bacterial ( e.g. salmonella)
  • Viral ( e.g. norovirus)
  • Parasitic ( e.g. giardia) infection of the bowels.

Diarrhea caused by any of these infections is referred to as gastroenteritis.

 

The most common causes of chronic diarrhea are underlying diseases or conditions, including: 

  • Gluten intolerance  ( e.g. coeliac disease)
  • Lactose intolerance (dairy intolerance)
  • Irritable bowel syndrome
  • Chronic bowel infection
  • Inflammatory bowel diseases, such as Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis
  • Bowel cancer.

 

Signs and symptoms

The main symptom of diarrhea is loose, watery bowel motions (stools, feces) three or more times a day.

 

diarrhea-causes

Diarrhea Causes

 

Follow signs and symptoms may include: 

  • Urgent need to go to the toilet
  • Abdominal pain and cramping
  • Change in color of your stools
  • Mucous, pus, blood, or fat in your stools
  • Vomiting
  • General body weakness and tiredness.

Prevention

Hand washing is one of the most effective ways of preventing the spread of viruses and bacteria that can cause diarrhea. You should always wash your hands thoroughly after using the toilet, changing nappies, and before meals.

The following rules when preparing food can also help prevent diarrhea: 

  • Always put foods that could spoil in the fridge
  • Cook meat well

  • Avoid eating raw meats, fish, and shellfish unless you are sure that they have been freshly prepared and are from a reliable source
  • Never place cooked meat on surfaces or plates that have held raw meat
  • Disinfect benchtops, stovetops, and chopping boards with a diluted bleach solution. 

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familyhealthcare

Leptospirosis

What is a leptospirosis?

 

Leptospirosis (also known as Weil’s disease) is a disease caused by bacteria (Leptospira interrogans) that produce a wide range of symptoms that may occur in two phases; some patients may develop kidney or liver failure, respiratory failure, meningitis, or even death. The disease is spread by the urine of infected animals from many species, both domesticated, such as dogs and horses, and wild, such as rodents or wild pigs. The bacteria can survive in the water and soil for months. The disease is most common in temperate and tropical climates.

Is leptospirosis contagious? What is the contagious period for leptospirosis?

 

In general, leptospirosis is considered weakly contagious. This is because, like other animals, humans can shed leptospirosis in the urine during and after illness. Consequently, individuals exposed to the urine of humans who are infected may become infected. For example, although the bacteria are not airborne and have a low risk of being in saliva, individuals handling wet bedding or blood-soaked material from an infected person can increase the chances of getting the infection. There are a few reports of transmission between sexual partners, but the incidence of this type of spread seems very low. Unfortunately, pregnant mothers who get leptospirosis can infect their fetus.

The contagious period for leptospirosis depends on how long viable organisms are shed in the urine. Most individuals will shed organisms in the urine for a few weeks but there are reports that humans can continue to shed the organisms in urine for as long as 11 months. Some experts suggest that there is risk for up to 12 months after getting the initial infection.

 

What are leptospirosis symptoms and signs?

 

The symptoms and signs of leptospirosis are variable and are similar to those seen in many other diseases (dengue fever, hantavirus, brucellosis, malaria, and others). Symptoms can arise about two days to four weeks after exposure to the bacteria. Although some people have no symptoms, others may exhibit

  • high fever,
  • chills,
  • headache,
  • muscle aches,
  • fatigue,
  • sore throat,
  • abdominal pain,
  • vomiting,
  • diarrhea,
  • jaundice,
  • pain in the joints or muscles,
  • rash, and
  • reddish eyes.
can-human-incidence-of-leptospirosis-be-reduced-through-implementing-familyhealthcare

How can leptospirosis disease be prevented?

 

Scientists have developed vaccines that seem to provide some protection against leptospirosis. Vaccines for humans are only available in some countries, such as Cuba and France. However, these vaccines may only protect against certain forms of Leptospira bacteria, and they may not provide long-term immunity. 

There’s no vaccine available for humans in the United States, although vaccines are available for dogs, cattle, and some other animals.   

If you work with animals or animal products, you can lower your risk of infection by wearing protective gear that includes:

  • waterproof shoes
  • goggles
  • gloves

You should also follow proper sanitation and rat-control measures to help prevent the spread of Leptospira bacteria. Rodents are one of the primary carriers of infection.

Avoid stagnant water and water from farm runoffs, and minimize animal contamination of food or food waste

 

 
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jaundice

Jaundice Overview Types Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, Diagnosis

Today we are discussing Jaundice Overview Types Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, Diagnosis read the full article. thank you.

 

Jaundice

 

Jaundice, also known as icterus, is a term used to describe a yellowish tinge to the skin and sclerae (the white part of the eye) that is caused by hyperbilirubinemia (an excess of bilirubin in the blood). Body fluids may also be yellow. The color of the skin and sclerae varies depending on levels of bilirubin; mildly elevated levels display yellow skin and sclerae, while highly elevated levels display brown.

Jaundice: Causes

 

Bilirubin (bil-ih-ROO-bin) is a yellow colored substance that is responsible for the yellowing of the skin and sclerae. Bilirubin is a waste product that remains in the bloodstream after the iron is removed from the hemoglobin, which is released from the degradation of erythrocytes (cells that contain hemoglobin and can carry oxygen to the body). When there is an excess of bilirubin it may leak out into surrounding tissues, saturating them with this yellow substance.

Bilirubin that is circulating freely in the blood is called unconjugated bilirubin. One of the liver’s functions is to filter out waste, such as bilirubin, from the blood. Once it is in the liver, other chemicals latch on to the bilirubin, creating a substance called conjugated bilirubin, which is secreted in bile (a digestive juice released by the liver) and then excreted.

 

Jaundice Overview Types Symptoms

There are three main jaundice overview types of symptoms:

  • Hepatocellular jaundice – a type of jaundice that occurs as a result of liver disease or injury.
  • Hemolytic jaundice – a type of jaundice that occurs as a result of hemolysis (an accelerated breakdown of erythrocytes – red blood cells) leading to an increase in production of bilirubin.
  • Obstructive jaundice – a type of jaundice that occurs as a result of an obstruction in the bile duct (a system of tubes that carries bile from the liver to the gallbladder and small intestine), which prevents bilirubin from leaving the liver.
jaundice-overview-types-symptoms

Jaundice Overview Types Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, Diagnosis

 

Causes of jaundice

Jaundice most often occurs as a result of an underlying disorder that either causes tissues to become over-saturated with bilirubin or prevents the liver from disposing of bilirubin.

Some underlying conditions that may cause jaundice are:

  • Acute inflammation of the liver – may impair the ability of the liver to conjugate and secrete bilirubin, resulting in a buildup of bilirubin.
  • Inflammation of the bile duct – may prevent the secretion of bile and removal of bilirubin, causing jaundice.
  • Obstruction of the bile duct – prevents the liver from disposing of bilirubin, which results in hyperbilirubinemia.
  • Hemolytic anemia – production of bilirubin increases when large quantities of erythrocytes are broken down.
  • Gilbert’s syndrome – an inherited condition that impairs the ability of enzymes (biomolecules that provoke chemical reactions between substances) to process the excretion of bile.
  • Cholestasis-a condition in which the flow of bile from the liver is interrupted. The bile containing conjugated bilirubin remains in the liver instead of being excreted.   etc….

Symptoms Of Jaundice

 

 

The most pervasive sign of jaundice is a yellow tinge to the skin and sclerae (whites of the eyes). This usually starts at the head and spreads down the body.

Symptoms of jaundice include:

  • Yellow tinge to the skin and the whites of the eyes
  • Pruritis (itchiness)
  • Fatigue
  • Abdominal pain – typically indicates a blockage of the bile duct.
  • Weight loss
  • Vomiting
  • Fever
  • Paler than usual stools
  • Dark urine

Prevention of jaundice

Jaundice is related to the function of the liver, so it is essential that you maintain this vital organ’s health by eating a balanced diet, exercising at least 30 minutes five times a week, and refraining from exceeding recommended amounts of alcohol.

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