Today We Are Gonna Talk About Cholera Diseases: Cause, Symptoms, Prevention.
What Are Cholera Diseases: Cause, Symptoms, Prevention?
Cholera is an infection of the small intestine and is caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholera. Vibrio cholera produces a toxin called ‘enterotoxin’ which causes the symptoms of cholera.
A type of cholera bacteria called the El Tor biotype tends to cause milder disease than the classic biotype.
The disease is of mild or moderate severity in more than 90% of affected people and is difficult to detect clinically from other forms of diarrhea diseases.
Less than 10% of infected persons develop typical cholera with signs of medium or severe dehydration that sometimes lead to death.
The mortality rate without treatment is between 25% and 50%. Cholera is endemic in India and Southeast Asia.
Cholera outbreaks can happen in any part of the world where water supplies, sanitation, food safety, and hygiene practices are poor.
Causes Of Cholera
Cholera is caused by bacteria called Vibrio cholera. The disease’s deadly effects are the result of a strong toxin known as CTX that is produced by these bacteria in your small intestine.
CTX interferes with the normal flow of sodium and chloride when it binds to your intestinal walls.
When the bacteria attach to the small intestine’s walls, your body begins to discharge large amounts of water that lead to diarrhea and rapid loss of fluids and salts.
pollute water supplies are the primary source of cholera infection. Not cooked fruits, vegetables, and other foods can also contain the bacteria that cause cholera.
NOTE: From Person To Person Through Casual Contact Cholera Is Not Usually Passed.
Symptoms Of Cholera
The majority of people exposed to cholera never become ill. In fact, in most cases, you are not exposed and you can never know. Once you become infected, you will continue to carry cholera bacteria in your stool for seven to 14 days.
Cholera usually causes mild to moderate diarrhea like other diseases. Specific symptoms will develop in one in 10 people infected within two to three days after infection.
Common Symptoms Of Cholera Includes:
- Sudden onset of diarrhea
- Mild to severe dehydration
Other Symptoms Of Cholera Includes:
- Abdominal cramps
- Rapid pulse
- Unusual sleepiness
- Excessive thirst, lack of tears, and low urine output
- Dry skin, dry mucous membranes (such as inside the nose or eyelids), and dry mouth
Preventing Cholera Infection
- Wash your hands
- Drink only bottled or boiled water
- Avoid raw food and shellfish
- Avoid dairy foods
- Eat raw fruits and vegetables that you can peel yourself
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