Today we will talk about how to fight dengue disease. Dengue fever usually consists of a high fever, around 104 F-105 F and further skin rash, headaches, and often severe muscle and joint pain.
Dengue fever is a viral infection that is becoming seriously prevalent in the Indian community in recent years. This can be very dangerous due to global deaths occurring every year.
Understanding Dengue Disease
- Uniform mosquito bites spread the dengue virus in humans.
- There are four different serotypes of dengue virus (DENV1-4) spread in the world, including in Singapore. Therefore, one person can be infected with dengue four times.
- Often, first-time dengue infection can be severe, especially in the elderly and people with pre-existing medical conditions, and repeated dengue infection is associated with a higher incidence of acute dengue.
- Dengue hemorrhagic fever and dengue shock syndrome can be deadly. The National Environment Agency (NEA) and we track all Deaths due to dengue-related in Singapore which are reported quarterly.
Symptoms Of Dengue Disease
If you are prone to dengue fever, the symptoms usually start four to seven days after the initial infection. In many cases, its symptoms are mild. They’ll usually be mistaken for symptoms of flu or other infections. Young children and other people who haven’t experienced infection may have a milder illness than older children and adults.
Symptoms usually last for about 10 days and can include:
- Sudden, high fever (up to 106 degrees Fahrenheit)
- Severe headache
- Swollen lymph glands
- Severe joint and muscle pains
- Skin rash (Visible between two and five days after initial fever)
- Mild to severe nausea
- Mild to severe vomiting
- Bleeding from the nose or gums
- Mild bruising on the skin
- Febrile convulsions
- Bleeding from mouth or gums
Causes Of Dengue Disease
Dengue is spread by several species of female mosquitoes of the genus Aedes, mainly Aedes aegypti. The virus has five different types. Although infection with one type usually provides lifelong immunity for that type, only short-term immunity to others.
Subsequent infection with a different type increases the risk of serious complications. In fact, the virus enters the person when an infected mosquito bites it. Mostly, people suffering from dengue disease get better in 2 weeks. But, some may feel depressed and fatigue for months after the infection.
Diagnosis of dengue fever can be confirmed by microbiological laboratory testing.
This can be done in cell cultures by virus isolation, nucleic acid detection by PCR, viral antigen detection (such as for NS1), or specific antibodies (serology).
How to Prevent Dengue Fever
There is no vaccine to prevent dengue fever but avoid mosquito bites and adopt this safety method to reduce the mosquito population:-
- Empty watering cans and buckets and store them under shelter.
- Don’t allow to block scupper drains.
- Loosen soil from potted plants.
- Remove water from plant pots.
- Change water in flower vases every other day.
- Leaves should not block anything.
- Avoid heavily populated residential areas.
- Use mosquito repellent indoors and outdoors.
- Wear long-sleeved shirts and pants tucked into socks.
- Instead of opening windows, try using air conditioning.
- Always make sure that the window or door is not open, and if there is a hole of any kind, repair it.
- Use mosquito nets for sleeping areas that have not been screened.
Reducing the mosquito population involves getting rid of mosquito breeding areas. In fact, water can collect at any time in these areas, such as:
- Pet dishes.
- Empty planters.
- Flower pots.
- Any empty vessel.
Check, empty, or change these places regularly.
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