Hookworm infection is a parasite and means that they stay away from other living things and hookworm infection also affects your lungs and small intestine.
Hookworm contracts through hookworm larvae found in dirt contaminated by human feces.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, hookworm infection occurs in an estimated 576 to 740 million people worldwide.
It mostly affects people in tropical and subtypes developing countries due to poor sanitation.
How People Get Hookworm Infection?
You can get infected with hookworms by having exposure to a soil that contains their larvae. The larva enters your skin and then enters your lungs through your bloodstream.
When they are taken out of the lungs and swallowed, they are carried to your small intestine. Fully developed, they can remain in your small intestine for a year or more before passing through your stool.
Those who live in hot climates in areas with poor sanitation and hygiene are at higher risk of developing hookworm infection.
What causes hookworm infection?
Necator Americanus is that the commonest sort of hookworm that causes infection in the United States.
Hookworm eggs are passed in human feces onto the bottom where they become infective larvae (immature worms).
When the soil is cool then the larvae crawl to the closest moist area and extend their bodies into the air.
The larvae stay within the soil waving their bodies to and fro—until they come into contact with human skin. For example, once you stepped on by a barefoot or until they’re driven back to the bottom of the heat.
What are the symptoms of hookworm infection?
If you are healthy you may not have any symptoms of infection, the parasite burden is low, and eat lots of iron-rich foods.
If you experience symptoms, they usually begin with itching and a small rash caused by an allergic reaction in the area that the larvae enter into your skin.
This usually occurs after diarrhea as hookworm grows in your intestine. Other symptoms include:
- The skin rash in one area is usually red, raised, and itchy.
- Weight loss.
- Loss of appetite.
- Shortness of breath like wheezing and cough.
- Stomach pain.
- Extreme tiredness and weakness.
- Iron deficiency anemia or malnutrition.
- Physical and thought development problems in children during severe anemia.
How can hookworm infection be prevented?
If you are in an area where hookworm disease is common, or where human feces can occur in soil or sand, then you take care of these things:
- Avoid walking barefoot on soil or sand.
- Do not touch soil or sand with your bare hands.
- Drinking safe water.
- Properly cleaning and cooking food.
- Practicing proper handwashing.
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